joined the list of metro cities of the world when the first section of the system was
inaugurated on December 24, 2002, while commercial services started from December 25,
2002. This 8.3 Km long section between Shahdara and Tis Hazari has six
stations that are elevated as well as at-grade. The route is a part of the 28 Km long Line 1 of the Delhi Metro system.
Train-sets of four coaches in rake have been put into service. They run at intervals of 8 to 10 minutes from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. The frequency of service and times of operation will be increased as the commuter traffic builds up. The system is designed to operate at a frequency of 3 minutes.
The Metro rolling stock is being manufactured by a consortium comprising ROTEM (formerly KOROS), Mitsubishi Corporation, and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation. The trains will initially be built in Korea and later at an Indian facility by Bharat Earth Movers Limited. The trains run on the broad gauge (1676 mm) and consist of 3.2 metre wide stainless steel lightweight coaches with vestibules that permit passengers to move throughout the length of the train.
Trains are air-conditioned and maintain an optimal temperature of 29 degree Celsius inside the coaches. The underground stations will also be air-conditioned. The power supply is at 25 KV AC through overhead catenary - rigid OHE is proposed for the underground sections while a flexible OHE for the other sections. The underground sections would have Centralized Automatic Train Control (CATC) comprising Automatic Train Operation (ATO), Automatic Train Protection (ATP) and Automatic Train Signaling (ATS) systems. The other sections would have ATP and ATS.
The Metro is designed to be integrated with other means of public transport in the city. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, has signed an agreement with the Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) that runs the city bus services, to integrate operations. Bus routes would act as feeder services to the metro and there would be common ticketing that would be implemented in a phased manner. In future an Integrated Rail Bus Transit System with exclusive train lines is proposed and will be funded by the Government of Delhi in collaboration with the neighboring states of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. This system will transport commuters between Delhi and its satellite towns. The lines will be built mostly parallel to, but completely independent of the existing railway lines.
The facilities on the metro system have been designed to be modern, aesthetic, and easily accessible by the physically challenged. There are escalators and accessible elevators at all stations. In addition, the entry path is lined with tactile tiles to guide the visually impaired from outside the stations to the trains. The Metro Sahayaks (Hindi for Metro Helpers) are present at stations to provide assistance at all times.
In order to make the metro stations aesthetically pleasing and to provide easy identification of stations, each station has been designed with a unique scheme. Local art college students have designed decorative murals at the Metro stations.
The trains are designed to be safe and user-friendly. Each coach has seating for 60 passengers, with space for another 325 standing passengers. Trains are at platform level with a small gap to allow easy entry and exit to passengers. Trains announcements in Hindi and English inform about the next station and also warn about closing doors. There are route maps and LCD display systems in every coach. Stations are also equipped with public announcement systems and are monitored with close circuit TV.
In order to provide fool-proof security on the Metro, the system has its own specially-trained Metro Police. Indian law provides special powers to this police to prosecute offenders and prevent crime. To provide even greater security, the Delhi Metro will be one of the few metros in the world to have plainclothes Metro-marshals on trains, similar to sky marshals on many flights. Besides being trained to prevent terrorist attacks, these commandos can operate the train in case an emergency. Private security guards are also employed to enhance security within Metro premises. Emergency communication between the passengers and the driver is provided in each coach. Security is monitored from a central control location.
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation is developing commercial property within and around the stations. All stations will have ATMs, food outlets, coffee shops, newspaper vendors etc. In addition, it is proposed to lease the areas around the stations for development of supermarkets, commercial establishments and office buildings which would act as additional revenue source.
The planning for the Metro in Delhi had started in the 1950s. Numerous studies were conducted for studying the feasibility of a rail based mass transit system. The first steps towards the construction of the metro were only initiated in 1995 when the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was registered. Physical work on the project started on October 1, 1998.
25 December 2002: Shahdara - Tis-Hazari (East-West)
The work on the Delhi Metro project is divided into phases. Phase I scheduled for completion in 2005 is progressing at a fast pace after some delays due to a debate on selection of gauge and changes to the lines. The first section from Shahdara to Tis Hazari opened a few months late, but subsequent sections are on schedule.
An elevated route between Tis Hazari and Trinagar, which is an extension to Line 1, will start operations from September 2003. Work on this section is at an advanced stage, with much of the structural work already completed. Work has also begun on other sections scheduled for opening in 2004 and 2005.
Line 2, which would run between Vishwa Vidyalaya (Delhi University, North Campus) and Central Secretariat would run underground for its entire 11 Km length. The route passes through the city centre, or the central business district at Connaught Place. Construction on this section is on schedule. The stations along the route are being built by cut-and-cover technique except at Chawari Bazar where tunneling is used.
Since the bored tunnel construction for Delhi Metro involves tunnelling through both hard quartzite and soft ground, two types of tunnel boring machines (TBMs) are being used. Rock TBM is being used for quartzite while Earth Pressure Balance Machine is being used for soft soil. Metro Stations would be located 12.85 metres below ground level except at the highly congested Chawri Bazar station which will be located at 20 metres below ground. Delhi Metro also achieved the distinction of an having an ISO 14001 certification for environment management right from construction stage.
The original Phase-I plan included Metro links from Pulbangash to Holambi Kalan, and Tri Nagar to Nangloi. These routes have now been replaced by a third 23.5 Km long Line 3 between Barakhamba Road in the city centre to the township of Dwarka in West Delhi. Construction on will begin in February 2003 and it is scheduled to open by 2005. It is believed that Line 3 would be the busiest corridor of the system.
The transfer stations for the Metro system would be Inter-State Bus Terminus (ISBT) for Lines 1 and 2, and Connaught Place for Lines 2 and 3. ISBT is the main terminus for buses running between Delhi and neighbouring towns and is also a major hub for city buses, while Connaught Place is the central business district of the city. The other major transfer points on the metro include New Delhi, and Delhi Main Railway Stations on Line 2. These are the major long-distance train stations that also have suburban EMU train services from satellite towns. Shahdara station on Line 1 would also serve as a link to suburban trains from satellite towns like Ghaziabad and Sahibabad in the East. Trinagar would link with trains to Gurgaon in the South. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation plans to provide park-and-ride facilities at most Metro stations.
Planning for Phase-II of the project has started. This second phase is likely to include an extension of Line 2 southwards to reach Vasant Kunj. The proposed stations along the route from the Central Secretariat Station are Tughlak Road, Kidwai Nagar, AIIMS, Green Park, Hauz Khas, IIT, Lado Sarai, Andheria More, Masudpur and Rangapuri. Another proposal is to extend Line 2 northwards from Vishwa Vidyalaya to Sanjay Gandhi Transport Nagar with intermediate stations at Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar, Derawal, Model Town, Azadpur, Adarsh Nagar and Jahangirpuri. Other proposals include an extension of Line 3 eastwards from Barakhamba Road to the township of NOIDA outside South East Delhi, via. Mandi House, Mayur Vihar, Patparganj and Ganesh Nagar.
The phases I and II are part of a master plan which includes 240 Km of high capacity rail transit scheduled to be complete by 2021.
Construction schedule for Delhi Metro is as follows:
Phase - I to be completed by 2005:
Line 1 (Elevated/at grade) - 28 Km
Tis-Hazari - Tri Nagar
(East-West) - 4.8 Km by September 2003
Line 2 (Fully underground) - 11 Km
Vishwa Vidhalaya - ISBT
(North-South) - 4.0 Km by December 2004
Line 3 (Elevated/at grade/underground) - 23.5 Km
Barakhamba Road - Kirti
Nagar (East-West) - 7.2 Km by June 2005
Phase - II (proposed) to be completed by 2010:
Vishwa Vidyalaya - New
Azadpur - S G Transport Nagar (Northern extension) - 8.6 Km
Barakhamba Road - Mayur Vihar - NOIDA (Eastern extension) - 15.3 Km
collection on the metro system is through contactless stored-value smartcards. Tokens are
available for single journey and return tickets only. Fares depend on distance travelled
and range between Rs. 4 and Rs. 7 for the first section opened in December 2002. These
fares have been kept low and are comparable with those of city buses to encourage Metro
Stored-value smartcards are available for Rs. 100, 200 and 500 in value. They are available after paying a refundable deposit of Rs. 100 and can also be recharged when the value on the card is exhausted. Each recharge gives a discount of 10 % on travel fare. Apart from travel, Metro cards will be used for purchases at shops within metro stations. There is no monthly or student discount passes. Tourist passes are available for unlimited travel for a day at Rs. 50 and Rs. 150 for one and three days respectively. The tokens and cards must be used both at the entry and the exit points.
|Delhi Metro Rail Corporation|
|Delhi Metro in Pictures|
Galleries at Delhi Metro Rail Corp. (DMRC) website
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