Code of Criminal Procedure
The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989
The Immoral Traffic Prevention Act 1956
The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961
The Commission of Sati Prevention Act 1974
Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989
Prevention of Black Marketing and Maintenance of Supplies of Essential Commodities Act 1980
Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act 2007
Essential Commodities Act, 1955
Ground Water Regulation and Management in Delhi
Gazette Notification on Ban on Plastic
Gazette Notification on Water Tankers in Delhi
Powers under Food Safety and Standards Act
Powers under Electricity Act
Essential Commodities Act, 1955


THE ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1955


Objective :- To Control the production, supply, distribution, trade & commerce in certain essential commodities in the interest of the general public. Also, to prevent the black marketing, hoarding & arbitrary price inflation of various essential commodities.


What are Essential Commodities :- It includes any class/sub-type of commodities as under :-

i. Cattle fodder, including oil-cakes & other concentrates,

ii. Coal including coke & other derivatives,

iii. Component parts & accessories of automobiles,

iv. Cotton & woollen textiles,

v. Drugs[1]

vi. Foodstuffs, including edible oil seeds & oils,

vii. Iron & Steel, including products of iron & steel,

viii. Paper, including newsprint, paperboard and strawboard,

ix. Petroleum & Petroleum Products.


Powers of the District Magistrate/ Collector under ECA, 1955


  • Where any Essential Commodity is seized, the seizure report is submitted to the District Magistrate/ Collector of the District,

  • Power of inspection of the seized essential commodity, & to confiscate the same,
  • Where the seized essential commodity is of perishable nature, order may be passed for sale at a controlled price, or by public auction.
  • Only the District magistrate/ Collector of the District is competent to pass orders with regard to the possession, delivery, disposal, release, distribution etc., of any seized essential commodity pending confiscation proceedings.


For General Public :- Any person(s) who deals in the production, supply, trade, or otherwise stocks, imports or exports in any type of ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES (as mentioned above), if there goods are seized under this Act, then they may approach the office of the District Magistrate/ Collector of their District to getting release, delivery, disposal orders.



[1] Drugsā€ - means & includes - (i) all medicines for internal or external use of human beings or animals and all substances intended to be used for or in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation, or preventions of any disease or disorder in human beings or animals including preparation applied on human body for the purpose of repelling insects like mosquitoes ;

(ii) such substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the human body or intended to be used for the destruction of vermin or insects which cause disease in human being or animals,

(iii) all substances intended for use as components of a drug including empty gelatine capsules, and

(iv) such devices intended for the internal or external use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation, or prevention of disease or disorder in human beings or animals.




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Last Updated : 25 Mar,2015